A recent report by the American Cancer Society published in the journal ‘CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians’ last Thursday, warns that cancer cases could skyrocket by 77% globally by 2050, hitting some countries hard. Currently, millions of people are diagnosed with cancer each year, with about 20 million new cases and 9.7 million deaths recorded in 2022 alone.

The rise in cancer is linked to population growth and aging, with an estimated 1 in 5 people facing a cancer diagnosis in their lifetime. Factors like tobacco use and obesity are also contributing to this surge, especially in low-income countries.

Lung cancer tops the list as the most common form worldwide, followed by breast cancer in women, colorectal cancer, and others. However, cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in many countries, despite the availability of preventive measures like the HPV vaccine.

Experts stress the importance of prevention, highlighting that over half of cancer deaths could be prevented. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and staying physically active can reduce cancer risk.

Prostate cancer is also a growing concern, expected to double by 2040, particularly impacting aging populations. Addressing early detection, treatment, and investing in research are crucial steps to mitigate the burden of this disease.

Efforts to tackle cancer must include effective tobacco control policies, reducing pollution, and improving access to screening and treatment services, especially in a low-income countries where resources are limited.

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