Orapuh encourages authors to carefully review the following policies before submitting an article or document to any of the organization’s press, organizations, or repositories. All manuscripts submitted to Orapuh for publication must adhere to these policies. By submitting a manuscript, the author agrees to comply with Orapuh’s policies.


To be recognized as an author of an Orapuh article or document, an individual must have made substantial contributions to its development. While our peer-review and editorial processes aim to minimize errors, all authors are responsible for the accuracy and integrity of the information provided. Before publication, authors must sign a statement confirming that the article/document meets the authorship criteria. The lead or corresponding author may sign on behalf of all authors.

Corresponding Author

In cases where multiple authors are involved, one author must be designated as the corresponding author who will handle all communications related to the article/document.

In-text Citations and Referencing

Orapuh follows the APA referencing guide (7th edition). Authors should review this style guide to ensure their manuscript adheres to its conventions.

Consent for Publication

Written informed consent must be obtained from copyright owners, their parent/guardian (if under 18), or next of kin (if the copyright holder has passed away), granting permission for the use of details, images, and videos under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0. If the details, images, or videos are entirely unidentifiable and contain no information about individuals, this requirement does not apply. The manuscript must include a statement confirming that written informed consent for publication was obtained.


Replicating text from one’s own previous publication may be considered unacceptable in some cases. However, if necessary or unavoidable, it should be transparently reported, taking copyright requirements into account.

Ethics Approval

Prior to conducting research involving human participants, human material, or human data, authors must seek ethics approval from an appropriate ethics committee in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Manuscripts reporting such research must include a statement about the approval or exemption, along with the name and reference number of the ethics committee. The editor reserves the right to contact the committee for further information, if necessary.

Competing Interests

Authors, editors, and reviewers are required to disclose all competing interests, whether financial or non-financial. Authors should declare any competing interests at the end of their manuscript. If there are no competing interests, the statement should read, “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests.” Competing interests may arise from financial relationships, patents, political affiliations, personal beliefs, or academic interests that could potentially influence the interpretation or presentation of data.

Co-publication in Multiple Organizations

Orapuh may consider publishing an article or document that has previously been published elsewhere, subject to the editor’s discretion and agreement with the original publisher.

Research Summaries

From time to time, relevant research summaries from independent researchers or organizations within the organization’s niche may be made freely accessible online. These summaries may undergo peer-review.


All individuals who contributed to the manuscript’s success should be acknowledged in the “Acknowledgments” section.


Peer-Review for Journal Publication

Orapuh employs a thorough peer-review process for articles submitted to its journals. The process ensures that articles are aligned with the organization’s niche and that the information provided is significant, accurate, and original. The organization follows a double-blind peer-review system, where the identities of authors and reviewers are kept anonymous.


The selection of independent experts to review a manuscript is the responsibility of the Handling Editor. Authors can suggest potential reviewers who are not current colleagues or recent collaborators. While authors can request the exclusion of certain individuals as peer reviewers, the Handling Editor is not obligated to use or exclude these reviewers. If authors wish to suggest potential reviewers, they should provide their full names, specialties, addresses (including institutional email addresses), and any other relevant information in their cover letter to aid in the identification of these experts.

Portability of Peer Review

Orapuh encourages the development of new researchers and authors. Therefore, we consider manuscripts that have been previously reviewed by another publisher or a third party but were not published by our organization.

Editorial Review

Our editorial process is meticulous and thorough. We carefully review and edit manuscripts to ensure the accuracy of facts and the presentation of well-formed perspectives.


Editors and reviewers are required to treat all manuscripts and other information received during the editorial or review process as confidential. Only information that is eventually published by the organization should be made public. However, this confidentiality policy does not cover periodic surveys and other research projects aimed at improving processes and communication for stakeholders. If there is a need to share a manuscript with a third party or obtain ethical consent for a study, the corresponding author will be contacted.

Open Access

All articles/documents published in Orapuh’s journals and public repository are open-access and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The authors of these articles/documents retain copyright and, by accepting our terms of use, grant third parties the right to use, reproduce, or disseminate their work freely without any fiscal or registration restrictions. Consequently, the full texts of all published articles/documents are freely available on the organization’s website and other third-party sites upon publication, without any charges.

Archiving/Preprint Servers and Author/Institutional Repositories

To ensure long-term preservation and continual availability, the full texts of published articles/documents will be deposited in a digital archive. Authors may also deposit the full texts of their accepted or published manuscripts in digital archives for long-term preservation. Additionally, authors may post their articles/documents on personal or institutional websites before publication. Academic theses may be placed in the public domain as required by the awarding institution. Incomplete manuscripts may be stored by individuals or organizations in repositories. It is important to note that these actions do not constitute previous publication, and Orapuh may still consider such manuscripts or parts thereof for publication.

Publication Process

  1. Manuscript Submission: The author submits the manuscript through the organization’s online management system.
  2. Initial Editorial Review: The submission undergoes an initial editorial review to ensure it is complete and aligns with the organization’s goals. The file is prepared for reviewers.
  3. Peer Review: For journal publication, the submission is sent to two independent researchers/scholars for a pre-publication external peer review using a double-blind review process. The author revises the submission based on the reviewers’ feedback, if necessary, and uploads the revised file. A decision is made regarding the submission: Accept, Reject, or send for further refereeing. If further refereeing is required, the peer-review process is repeated. The author is notified of the acceptance or rejection decision. If the submission is accepted for publication, the author pays the Article/Document Processing Charge (APC).
  4. Final Editorial Review: The submission undergoes a final editorial review.
  5. Copy Editing: If it is a journal article, the submission is copy-edited.
  6. Production of Publishable Files: Publishable files are generated.
  7. Assignment of DOI: If applicable and available, the submission is assigned a DOI (Digital Object Identifier).
  8. Publication: The submission is published.
  9. Accessibility: The article/document is immediately made available on the organization’s website and may be made available on other third-party sites, if applicable.
  10. Archiving: The article/document is archived on LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) and PKP PN (Public Knowledge Project Preservation Network) for long-term preservation.
  11. Article/Document Withdrawal: If an author or authors wish to withdraw a published article/document, they must write a letter to the editor requesting the withdrawal and stating the reasons for the request. The letter should be accompanied by evidence of payment of the relevant administrative fee.

**Note: The author is notified of strategic decisions and important steps throughout the process. They can also track the progress of their manuscript from their organizational account.