Surviving a fire incident requires quick thinking and following safety protocols. Here are steps to help you survive a fire:
1. Panic can cloud your judgment. Take deep breaths and stay as calm as possible.
2. If there are others with you, alert them to the fire immediately.
3. Dial your local emergency number (e.g., 911) to report the fire. Provide your location and details.
4. If the fire is small and you feel it’s safe to do so, use the nearest exit to leave the building. Always feel doors before opening them; if they’re hot, don’t open them.
5. Smoke rises, and clean air is near the floor. If you must move through smoke, crawl to avoid inhaling toxic fumes.
6. Use a cloth or clothing to cover your nose and mouth to reduce smoke inhalation.
7. Stay close to the ground where the air is less toxic, and visibility is better.
8. As you leave a room, close the door behind you. This can help slow the fire’s spread.
9. If trained and it’s safe, use a fire extinguisher on small fires. Aim at the base of the flames.
10. Elevators can become traps during a fire. Always use the stairs.
11. If you’re with others, agree on a meeting point outside the building. This helps ensure everyone is accounted for.
12. Once you’ve safely exited, do not re-enter the building for any reason. Leave that to trained firefighters.
13. If you’re trapped, use a flashlight, wave a cloth, or make noise at a window to signal rescuers.
14. Listen to updates from emergency services for information on the fire’s status.
15. If you can’t escape, seal yourself in a room with a window, if possible. Stuff gaps around doors with clothing to keep smoke out. Signal for help.
16. If you’re stuck, conserve energy and drink water if available.
Remember, fire safety is crucial, so having working smoke detectors, knowing escape routes, and practicing fire drills at home and work can help prevent fires and save lives.